How to get good bacteria in your mouth
Print this issue. These include germs like bacteria, fungus, and more. Robert Palmer, an NIH expert on oral microbes. Some microbes are helpful.SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: How To Foster a Healthy Microbiome
Why your gut health issues could be starting with your mouth
Most people know that good oral hygiene -- brushing, flossing, and regular dental visits -- is linked to good health. Colorado State University microbiome researchers offer fresh evidence to support that conventional wisdom, by taking a close look at invisible communities of microbes that live in every mouth.
Published in Scientific Reports , the study found, among other things, a correlation between people who did not visit the dentist regularly and increased presence of a pathogen that causes periodontal disease. For the experiments, carried out by Garneau's community science team in the Genetics of Taste Lab at the museum, a wide cross-section of museum visitors submitted to a cheek swab and answered simple questions about their demographics, lifestyles and health habits.
Microbial DNA sequencing data analyzed by Metcalf's group revealed, broadly, that oral health habits affect the communities of bacteria in the mouth. The study underscored the need to think about oral health as strongly linked to the health of the entire body. Back in , paper-co-author Garneau and her team trained volunteer citizen scientists to use large swabs to collect cheek cells from museum visitors - a naturally diverse population -- who consented to the study.
These trained citizen scientists helped collect swabs from individuals -- adults and youth aged 8 to The original impetus for the study was to determine whether and to what extent the oral microbiome contributes to how people taste sweet things. In collecting this data, which was also reported in the paper, the researchers noted more significant data points around oral health habits.
Burcham and the microbiome scientists employed sophisticated sequencing and analysis tools to determine which microbes were present in which mouths. Sequencing for the data was performed in collaboration with scientists in Rob Knight's group at University of California San Diego. A nutrition team from Michigan State University also brought in expertise on the importance of child and maternal relationships to the data analysis.
The study grouped people who flossed or didn't floss almost everyone said they brushed, so that wasn't a useful data point. Participants who flossed were found to have lower microbial diversity in their mouths than non-flossers. This is most likely due to the physical removal of bacteria that could be causing inflammation or disease.
Adults who had gone to a dentist in the last three months had lower overall microbial diversity in their mouths than those who hadn't gone in 12 months or longer, and had less of the periodontal disease-causing oral pathogen, Treponema. This, again, was probably due to dental cleaning removing rarer bacterial taxa in the mouth. Youth tended to have had a dental visit more recently than adults.
Youth microbiomes differed among males and females, and by weight. Children considered obese according to their body mass indices had distinct microbiomes as compared to non-obese children. The obese children also tended to have higher levels of Treponema, the same pathogen found in adults who hadn't been to the dentist in more than a year. In other words, the researchers saw a possible link between childhood obesity and periodontal disease.
Other data uncovered: The microbiomes of younger participants, mostly in the 8- to 9-year-old range, had more diversity than those of adults.
However, adult microbiomes varied more widely from person to person. The researchers think this is due to the environments and diets of adults being more wide-ranging than children. It was a data point that underscored the relevance of one's built environment in relationship to the microbial communities in our bodies. Working on the mouth study was fascinating, albeit outside Burcham's normal scope; he is usually focused on studying microbial ecology of decomposition.
Materials provided by Colorado State University. Original written by Anne Manning. Note: Content may be edited for style and length. Science News. Cheek swabs Back in , paper-co-author Garneau and her team trained volunteer citizen scientists to use large swabs to collect cheek cells from museum visitors - a naturally diverse population -- who consented to the study.
Journal Reference : Zachary M. Burcham, Nicole L. Garneau, Sarah S. Comstock, Robin M. Tucker, Rob Knight, Jessica L. Scientific Reports , ; 10 1 DOI: ScienceDaily, 2 March Colorado State University. The microbes in your mouth, and a reminder to floss and go to the dentist: Oral microbiome was subject of crowd-sourced study.
Retrieved May 14, from www. Two-Faced Bacteria Mar. Recent studies have linked the gut microbiome with several New findings Periodontitis or gum disease is common in older people Below are relevant articles that may interest you.
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A Bacteria That Could Keep Your Mouth Clean for Good
According to a study reported by the Journal of Clinical Microbiology , there are more than different types of bacteria in the human mouth. However, not all of the bacteria in your mouth is bad. Some of it is actually beneficial for your oral health.
You may know that your mouth is full of bacteria, even if you brush and floss your teeth. Fortunately, not all of the bacteria are bad. Of course, there are definitely bacteria you should remove. For instance, plaque comes from these bad bacteria. Sadly, plaque may erode your teeth and cause cavities.
HOW TO BOOST THE GOOD BACTERIA IN YOUR MOUTH
Cavities and other damage are the result of a long process that begins with bacteria living in a thin biofilm on tooth surfaces known as plaque. These bacteria thrive on sugars from leftover food in your mouth and then produce acid as a waste product. Chronic high levels of acid cause your enamel, the protective layer of your teeth, to soften and erode. While there are treatment options at each stage of decay — including crowning or even tooth replacement — the best approach is to try to prevent plaque buildup that supports disease-causing bacteria. Here are 3 of the best ways you can do that. Brush and floss daily. It usually takes hours for enough plaque buildup to support bacteria. By brushing and flossing at least once a day, you can remove most of this buildup, with twice a year dental cleanings to remove hard to reach plaque you may have missed. Be sure to use fluoride toothpaste to help strengthen enamel against high acid.
Terms and Conditions
Click here for more details. The human body is home to as many microorganisms as there are stars in the sky, a friendly little universe of bacteria that comes with us wherever we go. The benefits of having so many albeit tiny friends are diverse — among other things, they digest certain foods; generate energy; maintain our skin barrier; assist with metabolic regulation; keep bad external microorganisms out; and help us deal with bad microorganisms that do invade. The science on how to create a good home for friendly bacteria is developing all the time, but there are a few different things that may help you ensure your community of oral microbes or oral microbiome is healthy and balanced:.
When you think about keeping your gut happy and healthy, what comes to mind? Your mouth goes one step further because it protects you from deadly viruses and bacteria. According to Dr.
Your gut microbiome, for example, not only aids in digestion, but scientists believe it could help unlock some of the mysteries of obesity. And research being conducted on the skin microbiome has the potential to help inform how we can combat acne, eczema and more. Here's how the different species of bacteria in your mouth you heard right! The oral microbiome refers to all the bacteria, and their genes, that live in your mouth, explains Purnima Kumar, Ph.SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: Bacteria that's GOOD for us! Learn more about PREbiotics and PRObiotics
Headlines plaster the importance of gut health on every major health-related website. The gut is central to human health , and at its core, gut health is determined by the diversity and population of the gut microbiome also known as gut microbiota or gut flora. If gut health is so key to our understanding of health and disease, and the mouth mirrors the health of the body, it should come as no surprise that oral health is intrinsically linked with gut health. Like the other three microbiomes of the body gut, skin, and vaginal , the oral microbiome is a collection of bacteria that affects the progression of health and disease. The mouth has a variety of micro-environments that host different bacterial populations: the tongue, the hard palate, the teeth, the area around the tooth surfaces, above the gums, and below the gums.
Mouth Bacteria: Friend or Foe? (You Might be Surprised!)
A Florida researcher is hoping to soon begin clinical trials for his bacterial rinse that's designed to stave off tooth decay for a person's lifetime. So far, the rinse has worked in rats and early prototypes have been tested in three people. The rinse could be a wonderfully simple approach to dental care, although some worry that introducing a modified microbe directly into the body could lead to trouble. Most tooth decay is caused by a particular strain of bacteria called Streptococcus mutans S. While different kinds of bacteria thrive on mucus and food remnants in the mouth, S.
The oral microbiome. Ever heard of it? So, what causes our oral flora to become unbalanced? Well, a little bit of everything.
7 Surprising Ways to Support Oral Health
Ahead of his new book The Dental Diet launching on the 9th January, Dr Steven Lin hops in to tell us about the microbes in our mouth and how ruddy well important they are. Everyone would be familiar with the advice we should be brushing, flossing and using mouthwash. But simply removing microbes from our mouth may be missing some important roles of the bacteria that live amongst our teeth.
The two researchers who carried out this study are Marcelle Nascimento and Robert Burne. Some of these kids had no cavities while others had many. Researchers used cotton swabs to obtain sample bacteria from inside their mouths.